The phases put forward here is a proposal on a phased approach to expanding and maintaining the biodiversity on the Elephant Coast.

Phase 1 - Mozambique hot spot - this region has not been tampered with for many years because of the war so has not really been farmed, afforested and the community on the region has not been affected by capitalism to the extent of many of the regions further south in South Africa. It has a tremendous potential for organisations to get involved to uplift the community to respect the environment and to preserve it to protect this very special region with opportunities to Scuba dive on stunning Coral Reefs Swim with Dolphins, whale shark sand Mantas and still view game in the afternoon in the Maputo special Elephant Reserve.

Here is what the CEPF organisation, a European funding biodiversity agency has to say about the region as part of the Maputoland-Zuluand-Albany hotspot.

The Lebombo Tranfrontier Corridor is focused on the Lubombo Mountains and includes portions of Swaziland, Mozambique, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal. It extends northward from the Pongolapoort Dam in the south to Maputo in the north. Apart from in the Lubombo Mountains where altitudes may reach nearly 800 meters, the eastern coastal plains rarely exceed 130 meters.

The corridor consists almost entirely of savannah and is central in the Maputaland Centre of Endemism. A number of important protected areas are found in the area including Tembe Elephant Park, Ndumo Game Reserve, Mlawula Nature Reserve, and Hlane Game Sanctuary. Less protected, the Licuati Forest and Eastern Swazi Lebombos are important for conserving the hotspot’s only endemic forest type, the sand forests, which have the highest diversity of any of the world’s temperate forests. The coastal and marine ecosystems are also significant, being home to the southernmost extent of the coral communities.

The coastal areas within the Ponto d’Ouro Key Biodiversity Area provide critical nesting habitat for the leatherback (Critically Endangered) and loggerhead turtles (Endangered). Notable threatened species in the corridor include Vulnerable Lubombo girdled lizard (Cordylus warreni) and the Endangered fish Sihouettea sibayi. Just over 10 percent of the Lubombo Transfrontier consists of threatened habitat, with the bulk of this made up of the Endangered Mananga-Lebombo Thornveld. A number of other vegetation types such as Eastern Scarp Forest, Lebombo Summit Sourveld, Lowveld Riverine Forest, Maputaland Wooded Grassland and Swamp Forest are Vulnerable. The Lubombo Transfrontier is reasonably well protected by formal reserves with more than 75 percent of the area consisting of partially protected habitats or habitats with their targets full met. However, it is notable, that the remaining 24 percent of the habitats by area are completely unprotected. Therefore there is a need to both ensure that the existing GEF supported transfrontier conservation initiatives improve the management of existing protected 34 areas, but also that these protected areas are extended into the adjacent unprotected sand forest and marine habitats.
Ponto do Ouro Marine ReservePontadoOuro.html
iSimangoliso Wetland Park
Ndumo ReserveNdumoTembe.html
Tembe Elephant ReserveNdumoTembe.html
Kosi BayKosiBay.html
Coastal Forest - MabibiMabibi.html
Sodwana BaySodwana.html
False Bay
Lake st Lucia
Cape VidalCapeVidal.html
St LuciaStLucia.html
Charters Creek
Maputo Special ReserveElephantReserve.html
Rhino ReserveWesternRegion.html
Select HERE for details of our biodiversity tour through this regionECRegions.htmlECRegions.htmlshapeimage_19_link_0

Select HERE for larger map of South Africa reserves

Ponta do Ouro
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Enlarge North RegionECLubomboMap.html
Enlarge South RegionECZAMap.html
Santa MariaSanta_Maria.html